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Guidelines for the Setting up of a Hydroponic System

Food is now produced in a more technological and advanced method of hydroponics. Before you put up a hydroponic setup, there are a few things you need to know. Below are the tips of choosing hydroponic supplies to use in the production of food.

First, you will need a reservoir which will be holding the water that the plants will use. The reservoir will be holding water and nutrients that are necessary for the growth of plants. If you have enough money, you can buy a big and expensive variant, but if you don’t have enough money, go for a small one. You should find a reservoir that has a lid. The lid plays a role of preventing evaporation of water which may lead to an imbalance. This imbalance will affect the general growth of the plants planted in the hydroponic system. Due to the ability of chemicals and water reacting with metals, you should not purchase a metallic reservoir.

You also need to have a good water pump. Water pumps will be necessary because they will ensure that all your plants get enough water and nutrients. You need to either choose to install submersible or non-submersible water pumps. Submersible water pumps require to be installed in the nutrient solution, while non-submersible water pumps need to be installed outside the solution. You also need to look at the output of the pipes in terms of gallons per hour, because there are other classifications based on this. If the setup is small, you don’t need an expensive water pump because a small and cheaper one will still serve the purpose. There should be a timer as well which will be required to regulate a number of functions. Lighting, ventilation, and watering are some of the essential functions that needs to be regulated by a timer. Considering your budget, you can choose to buy digital timers or analogous ones provided your system has a timer.

Your plants will require an artificial source of energy, which will be used in place of sunlight. Fluorescent lights may be used to replace natural light, but they don’t produce the required light intensities. You can get metal halide lights because they mimic natural light to the closest extent. These lights produce blue light in high proportions, which is crucial in supporting vegetative growth of plants. There are high pressure sodium lights which you can also consider installing in your hydroponic system, because they are durable and consume less energy. However, these lights produce a narrower light spectrums compared to the metal halide lights. Your plants will also require to have a growth medium because soil will not be used in hydroponics. Aeration and drainage are the other qualities the growth medium should have apart from providing the plants with firm anchorage.

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